Wednesday, September 16, 2009

From Conflict to Peacebuilding – the Role of Natural Resources and the Environment

State failure and civil war in developing countries represent great risks to global peace and security. Since the end of the Cold War, at least eighteen violent conflicts have been driven by the exploitation of natural resources. While political and military issues remain critical, conceptions of security and conflict have broadened, with environmental degradation now seen as a significant contributing factor to conflict. With this changing security landscape, comes a radical shift in the way the UN engages in conflict prevention, post-conflict reconstruction, and peace building is required. This report therefore aims to summarize current knowledge on the links between environment, conflict and peace building. Based on its analysis, UNEP’s report draws three important key conclusions for future UN peacemaking and peace building. It becomes clear that investing in environmental management and the governance of natural resources is an investment in conflict prevention. For more on the report, visit:

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