Tuesday, June 28, 2016

African Journals Online (AJOL)

African Journals OnLine (AJOL) is the world's largest and pre-eminent collection of peer-reviewed, African-published scholarly journals.

Historically, scholarly information has flowed from North to South and from West to East. It has also been difficult for African researchers to access the work of other African academics. In partnership with hundreds of journals from all over the continent, AJOL works to change this, so that African-origin research output is available to Africans and to the rest of the world. 

For more Information visit: http://www.ajol.info/

Thursday, June 23, 2016

Research Presentations

The University of Botswana, in collaboration with Kwando Safaris, would like to present the eleventh in a series of research talks.

Topics that will be presented this month are as follows :

  • Herbivore size interacts with habitat productivity to determine plant diversity and community structure in an African Savanna - Dr Richard Fynn (Okavango Research Institute)

  • Successes and challenges of Community Based Natural Resource Management In Botswana - Prof Joseph Mbaiwa / Prof. Toyin Kolawole  (Okavango Research Institute)

  • The key principles of large carnivore conservation - Ms Hanlie Winterbach (Tau Consultants)

Venue:     Maun Lodge

Date:       27th June 2016
Time:      18:00 - 19:00

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

Rival group scent induces changes in dwarf mongoose immediate behavior and subsequent movement

By Charlotte Christensen, Julie M Kern, Emily Bennitt and Andrew N. Radford

In many social species, groups of animals defend a shared territory against rival conspecifics. Intruders can be detected from a variety of cues, including fecal deposits, and the strength of response is expected to vary depending on the identity of the rival group. Previous studies examining differences in response to neighbor and stranger groups have focused on the immediate response to the relevant cues. Here, we investigated how simulated intrusions of rival groups affect both immediate responses and postinspection movement patterns. To do so, we used a fecal translocation experiment at latrine sites within the territories of dwarf mongoose Helogale parvula groups. Immediate responses were adjusted to the level of threat, with greater scent-marking behavior, time spent at the latrine, and group-member participation when groups were presented with fecal matter from out-group rivals relative to control (own group and herbivore) feces. Subsequent movement of the group was also affected by threat level, with a decrease in speed and distance covered following simulated intrusions by out-group rivals compared with control conditions. However, there were no significant differences in immediate responses or post-latrine movement patterns when comparing simulated neighbor and stranger intrusions. These results indicate that territorial intrusions can elicit not just an immediate change in behavior but more far-reaching consequences in terms of movement dynamics. They also raise the possibility that neighbor–stranger discrimination predictions are not necessarily as clear-cut
as previously described.

Monday, June 20, 2016

New Zika response strategy to focus on preventing, managing medical complications – UN health agency

The United Nations health agency has issued a revised strategic response plan for the next one and a half years to combat the transmission of the Zika virus, which has now spread to 60 countries.

This Zika Strategic Response Plan -Revised for July 2016 to December 2017, comprises of the Strategic Response Framework and Joint Operations Plan, and has been developed to guide the international response and joint actions against Zika virus infection, its complications and consequences.

It provides the basis for coordination and collaboration with partners so that countries’ preparedness and response capacities are supported to the fullest extent possible.

Read more: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/246091/1/WHO-ZIKV-SRF-16.3-eng.pdf?ua=1&ua=1

Wednesday, June 15, 2016

Greening, but not so great

Climate change deniers will say evidence of carbon pollution making earth more verdant is all good news. Olive Heffernan says it is not.

Half our planet's vegetated surface has become significantly greener in the past three decades. Plants in many regions from stocky shrubs of the Arctic to towering trees of the rain forest are growing bigger leaves, according to the latest evidence.

Visit the library to read more from New Scientists.

Monday, June 13, 2016

REMINDER: Library extended Hours

Customers are reminded that  ORI library has extended its opening hours.

 Opening times are as follows:

Monday - Thursday:         08: 00 hrs - 20: 00hrs
Saturday:                            10: 00 hrs - 16: 30 hrs
Sunday:                              10: 00 hrs  - 15:00 hrs

Note that the extension will end on the 21st July 2016.

Thank you!


Friday, June 10, 2016

Annotated Maps: Charting Research through Technology

By Olebogeng Suwe


This paper addresses the long term preservation and management of priceless library hard copy resources, by converting them into a digital resource, using the University of Botswana's Okavango Research Institute library map collection as a case study. As libraries in developing countries increasingly adopt digitization in order  to expand safe access to their resources, they are  often constrained by lack of funds to acquire the necessary Information and Communication Technology ICT infrastructure and recruit skilled personnel who can successfully develop, implement, host and manage such projects. Rather than striving to gather all the resources in - house, university libraries may seek external funding through collaboration with other departments or personnel within the same university, external partner organizations that may already have the requisite skills and infrastructure to assist them with bringing their projects to fruition.

This is published in: African Research and Documentation - Journal of SCOLMA (the UK Libraries and Archives Group on Africa. No. 126, 2014.