Friday, April 17, 2015

ORI -- Research Highlight

Socio-economic and environmental impacts of Jatropha cultivation and biodiesel production in Botswana.

Researcher : Prof. Donald L. Kgathi

This study will focus on the opportunities and risks of Jatropha production and use from a socio-economic and environmental viewpoint. The specific research objectives are as follows: 1) To assess the implications of the use of land for Jatropha cultivation on land rights for farm households. 2) To examine the potential impacts of Jatropha production and use on the local economy (e.g. household income generation, access to energy, education and other non-financial benefits 4) To examine potential financial costs and benefits associated with the production and use of Jatropha. 5) To assess the overall environmental balance of benefits and disbenefits of biodiesel production from J. curcas production such as those on biodiversity, water use, energy balances, and life cycle-based greenhouse gas emissions analysis. 5) To determine the potential contribution of the production and use of Jatropha biodiesel to energy security and the national economy.

 

Thursday, April 16, 2015

At Doha Crime Congress, UN experts cite ‘shift’ as more States move away from death penalty

As the 13th United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice continued its work in Doha, Qatar today, high-level UN, academic and Government experts at a panel discussion on death penalty advocated moving away from the punishment as there is no empirical evidence that it deters crime. 

“Over the lifetime of the United Nations, the balance has shifted, and today, more than 160 Member States have either abolished the death penalty or do not practice it”, said UN Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, Ivan Ivan Šimonović, who moderated the discussion. 
“Despite these positive developments, however, a number of States continue to impose the death penalty,” he told the panel, one of the many events taking place during the UN Crime Congress, which opened Sunday and is expected to conclude on 19 April. 

The participants at the panel included the Minister of Justice of Italy, Andrea Orlando, the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Christof Heyns, the Deputy Director in Penal Reform International in charge of regional Middle East and North Africa office, Haitham Shibli, a non-governmental organization working on penal and criminal justice reform, and Jeffrey Fagan, Professor at Columbia Law School in New York. 

Mr. Šimonović stressed that Amnesty International noted in a recent report on global sentences and executions that in 2014 there were fewer registered executions but there was an increase of people condemned to death. 

“The spread of drug trafficking and terrorism is an important factor for many States when considering to retain or even reintroduce the death penalty,” he added, noting that China, Iran, Viet Nam, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and Malaysia have the highest rate of executions for drug trafficking.

New at ORI library: Under Kalahari Skies

Botswana sits in the cradle of Southern Africa, with a unique mixture of ecology, polotics, economy and tradition, making it a fascinating place to explore the dynamics of contemporary conservation. Take a journey under the wide skies of the Kalahari to discover biological wonders like mopane tree and the gemsbok, learn about Botswana's roles in international peace parks development, and find out why you should always stay downwind of Trouble (the black rhino).
Starting with close observation of the region's ecology and biology, Hartnett unpacks the stories and challenges of a country which, in many ways, is a model of conservation for the African continent.

Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Africa’s Natural Resources: 3 Things Governments Need to Get Right

Africa has about a third of the world’s mineral resources, but most of its citizens remain desperately poor and don’t receive the benefits of their natural resource wealth. These resources could generate substantial social, economic and political benefits for Africa, but only if they are pursued in a transparent and accountable way that respects peoples’ fundamental human rights.

Oxfam has been working on extractive industries in West Africa for more than 10 years, and we’re expanding our work into a total of 15 countries in Africa this year. In February we met in South Africa and heard about the challenges our partners are facing across the continent. 
 
There is incredible variety: Oxfam partners are working in countries that are just discovering and beginning to develop resources, like Mozambique, Uganda, and Kenya, as well as countries with a long and often troubled history of natural resource extraction like Ghana, Nigeria, and South Africa. We want to highlight three key priorities of their work in Africa, and three key trends we’ve seen emerge over the past several years.
 

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

UN conference stresses grave need to combat wildlife crime

With wildlife and forest crimes on the rise, yielding enormous profits for criminal networks, United Nations high-level officials at a major anti-crime meeting under way in Doha, Qatar, stressed the gravity of the scourge, saying that it fuels violence, corrupts supply chains and undermines the rule of law. 

“Wildlife and forest crime…has the potential, not only to devastate the environment, but also to undermine the social, political and economic well-being of societies, while generating billions of dollars for criminal gangs and sustaining their illicit activities,” General Assembly President Sam Kutesa told a high-level event held as part of the 13th UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. 

Wildlife and forest crime includes the taking, trading, importing, exporting, processing, possessing, obtaining and consumption of flora and fauna (animals, birds, fish, plants and trees) in contravention to national and international law. 

The impact of the crime is global, but wildlife and forest crime is particular acute in developing countries as under-resourced governments often lack the capacity to regulate the exploitation of their natural resources.
In 2013 alone, some 20,000 African elephants were slaughtered. In the same year, more than 1,000 rhinos were killed on the continent.

Monday, April 13, 2015

Summary of the Symposium by Christiaan Winterbach

Botswana Symposium on Wetlands and Wildlife 2015
17 to 19 March 2015
 Summary of the Symposium by Christiaan Winterbach
 The Wetlands and Wildlife Symposium 2015 in numbers:
      3 Days
      4 Themes
      6 Discussion Groups
      9 Keynote Speakers
      13 Sessions
      37 Posters
      71 Presentations
      1420 minutes of presentations
 The remarks by the dignitaries, the presentations of the keynote speakers,  the presenters and posters shared the Universal Constant - Things Change!
      Climate has changed and will continue to change. With this change in climate our challenges will change. We will need to adapt how we manage resources and conserve biodiversity not only in our World Heritage wetland but also the surrounding semi-arid Kalahari.
      Evolution of thought regarding conservation will continue.
      Our understanding of our ecosystems will improve.
 The Dignitaries elaborated on the importance of collaboration and action:
      Collaboration between
     Different Government Departments
     Government Departments and Communities
     Private sector and other stakeholders
      Action
     Dissemination of results: we need to make the results, findings and recommendations of our work available and accessible to other stakeholders.
     Cross pollination of ideas between disciplines.
     Reduce the gap between knowledge and decision making.
 The Keynote Speakers delivered:
      Overviews sketching the bigger picture on a variety of topics and provided a framework for us to see where our individual work fit in.
      Lessons learned
     Internationally
     Neighbouring countries
     Locally
     How to/ How not to
      Priorities for research and action
      Potential for collaboration
 Symposium Stakeholders contributed by:
       Provide pieces of the puzzle to fill in and expand the bigger picture
      Identify missing pieces of the puzzle
      Networking opportunities for stakeholders
      Progress on collaborations
      Debate and recommendations
 AND WE HAD FUN DOING IT!
 In the words of the Honorable Minister of Wildlife, Environment and Tourism, “Throw away the box and make a difference”.

Friday, April 10, 2015

Two Communities or Community of Practice? Communicating Wildlife Research in Northern Botswana

Communicating the results of wildlife research carried out in northern Botswana could contribute to adaptive management of an important natural resource that appears to be under threat. This study applied two theoretical frameworks explaining the transfer of knowledge and uptake of research to examine how stakeholders communicate to support management of northern Botswana’s wild animals. Their selected research outputs, research permits, management documents, and interviews indicate that these stakeholders make up an identifiable community of practice, characterized by mutual engagement, joint enterprise, and shared repertoire. Communication, within this community of practice, and to outside actors, however, should be strengthened, to both inform debate and to allow findings to be put to more use in continuously improving management of wildlife resources.
https://www.academia.edu/11827937/Two_Communities_or_Community_of_Practice_Communicating_Wildlife_Research_in_Northern_Botswana

From Government Gazette

Republic of Botswana - Tender No. DATC/MOH/LIIMH/50/2015-2017
Department of Ngami District Health Management Team

SECURITY GUARDING SERVICES FOR HEALTH FACILITIES IN THE NORTH WEST DISTRICT

  • TENDER OFFERS ARE INVITED for the provision of security guarding services for health facilities in the Ngami District for a period of 24 (twenty four) months.
  • The procuring Department is Ngami District Health Management Team.
  • Tenders who are domiciled in Botswana must, in order to be considered for award of the contract, be licenced with thee appropriate authority to trade in security guarding services according to the Laws of Botswana.
  • The physical address for the collection of Tender Documents is: Revenue Office, Next to Records, Letsholathebe II Memorial Hospital Maun.
  • Documents may be collected with effect from 24th March, 2015 to 23rd April, 2015

Thursday, April 09, 2015

From Government Gazette

Tender No.MTC/MLH/DSM/DIGITAL COLOUR AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY FOR 100 SETTLEMENTS/1471/20012015

TENDER FOR THE PROVISION OF ''DIGITAL COLOUR AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY FOR 100 SETTLEMENTS AT GROUND SAMPLE DISTANCE OF 25CM'' FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF SURVEYS AND MAPPING (List of 100 Settlements at Appendix 1).

The physical address for collection of Tender Documents is: Department of Surveys and Mapping, Private Bag 0037, Gaborone, Plot No. 1285, Station Road.
Documents may be collected during working days from 0730 hours to 1245 hours and from 1345 hours to 1530 hours at the reception effective 6th April, 2015

The closing time for receipt of tender offers shall be 1000 hours on 25 May, 2015

more of this in vol.LIII, No.15 27 March, 2015