On Tuesday, HOORC researchers and members from the Botswana Wildlife Management Society attended a seminar presentation by Caroline Staub , a PhD student, from the University of Florida. Her research is on soil, vegetation and land use interactions, in the Ngamiland. The focus of her study is to examine the different soil properties in various regions and see how they change from area to area, what causes the changes (i.e.rainfall, etc). She also presented a study done by a colleague which looks at wildlife ecology and habitat use along the Chobe area, especially the habitat use by elephants and their interactions with other herbivores and mesohervivores i.e. impala, warthogs, buffalos and kudus.