The publication illustrates the application of Bio-cultural Community Protocols (BCPs) to a range of environmental legal frameworks. The first part focuses on the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS ). This is followed by a bio-cultural critique of the CBD and ABS and international environmental law in general, highlighting their perceived strengths and practical weaknesses from a community perspective. The publication goes on to suggest that the development of BCPs is a means with which communities can respond to the challenges posed to them by the incumbent IRABS and illustrates how the concept of BCPs is gaining international recognition. For full report you can visit the UNEP website.