Deforestation accounts for nearly 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions and is also strongly linked to development issues, as healthy forests are vital in the fight against poverty. Forest and landscape restoration initiatives offer significant benefits for climate change adaptation and mitigation, and are also an efficient means of generating income for local communities, improving rural livelihoods and preserving cultural traditions. They provide solutions to balancing conflicting land use interests in forest areas and can reconcile environmental concerns with economic development.
To highlight this, IUCN teamed up with UNESCO and Fairventures
Worldwide to organise a session at the European Development Days on 3-4
June in Brussels entitled “Nature-based Solutions for Climate Change
Mitigation: From Deforestation to Forest Restoration”. In the session,
moderated by the Director of IUCN’s European Regional Office Luc Bas,
speakers presented best practices in forest restoration and highlighted
the benefits of nature-based solutions for sustainable development.
Wolfgang Baum, manager of Fairventures’ 1mTrees programme,
which aims to establish an economically and environmentally sustainable
land use practice on the island of Borneo, noted that governments
generally have little interest in conservation for conservation’s sake,
and that the economic value of forest restoration projects must
therefore be made apparent. 1mTrees provides farmers with a way to
secure an income by revitalising degraded land with trees and thereby
boosting the resilience of their habitat against natural disasters.
Thomas Hirsch, general manager of Pacific Ring Europe, a timber
company relying on low-density and fast-growing Albasia Falcata trees,
outlined how large agroforestry projects could be made responsible,
profitable and sustainable by engaging with local farmers and by
creating a demand for lighter wood where customers are traditionally
used to resource-heavy timber. He demonstrated ways in which the
economic model of his company was contributing to the development of
tree farms in Indonesia while helping to take pressure off the virgin
The Chief of UNESCO World Heritage Centre’s Africa Unit, Edmond
Moukala N’Gouemo, stressed the fact that cultural traditions are
inherently linked to natural habitats. With global deforestation
progressing at an unprecedented rate, he warned that we are also putting
our valuable cultural heritage at risk, reaffirming that the protection
of our ecosystems must be of the highest priority.
Cristiana Pasca Palmer, Head of Unit on climate change at the
European Commission’s DG DEVCO, provided a snapshot of actions taken by
the EU on the issue of deforestation. Moreover, she once again stressed
the inseparable link between ecosystem protection and poverty reduction
as a pillar for the EU programme for development.